Notepad, which is built to every computer running Windows, is a useful tool for jotting down quick, well, notes or ideas that can be easily saved, accessed, and shared. That said, it is a very basic program with little in the way of formatting options. In fact, until Windows 10, it didn't even support one of the most basic formatting options in the form of Word Wrap. Luckily, Notepad++ addresses the need for a more robust yet accessible text tool.
Notepad++ can be considered a sort of jack of all trades. With this comes a sort of added complexity. Simpler programs can be found in Notepad and its alternatives, though you would be giving up features that Notepad++ offers: features like autocompletion, support for multiple languages, and a variety of formatting options.
As Notepad++ is a Windows exclusive app, it may be necessary to use alternatives available on macOS and Linux.
If you're looking for a text editor more focused on having a featureset comparable to an integrated development environment, software like Geany and its alternatives might be more your speed.
Light Table is a new interactive IDE that lets you modify running programs and embed anything from websites to games. It provides the real time feedback we need to not only answer questions about our code, but to understand how our programs really work.
Lite XL is a lightweight text editor written mostly in Lua — it aims to provide something practical, pretty, small and fast, implemented as simply as possible; easy to modify and extend, or to use without doing either.
iText is an intuitive and refined text editor with word processing completely rewritten in Cocoa (so works with Afloat), and is suitable for both Power PC and Intel Macs. iText provides the simplest way to make gorgeous manuscripts on your Mac!
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Almost everyone thinks iText is a great alternative to Notepad++.