Self-Hosted Twitter Alternatives

As a social network infamous for its strict character limits on posts and feeds that update in real-time, Twitter has grown into one of the most ubiquitous social networks and websites on the entire Internet, used as a source for communication and news alike.

It’s easy to see why, considering its easy to use and understand user interface and availability on the most popular platforms. Its popularization of hashtags and trends make you feel like you're participating in a global conversation.

It's hard to match the platform availability that Twitter has, but it's been met with criticism on its policies in regard to what can and cannot be discussed. There are alternatives to Twitter that highlight free speech, as well as those that are decentralized in order to ensure impartiality and total user control.

The list of alternatives was last updated: 10/5/2019 10:19:00 AM

Alternatives to Twitter for Self-hosting with any license

  • Gab

    Gab Social is an open source and fully decentralized social network powered by the Gab Platform. It is the new social network of Gab.com. This change was made to further Gab's commitment to its users trust and privacy online. And, by offering decentralization and federation, Gab further demonstrates a lack of interest in the ownership of user data. The Gab Social project is based on the Mastodon project, and is licensed under the terms and conditions of AGPL-3.0.

    • Warning Gab has been widely described as a haven for extremists who have been banned from other social networks.
    • Free. No commercials. No shadow banning or censorship of Views. bernieshowalterMar 2017 • 46 agrees and 15 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • GAB does not censor free speech, but instead allows users to mute users/ content themselves. Superior to corporate censorship. Guest • Mar 2017 • 56 agrees and 22 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • No corporate censorship. As Big Tech®™? censors and deplatforms more users for the tiniest of infractions, Gab will grow. It has its issues (UI needs improvement, needs a “media” tab like Twitter has). I’ve had my account for two years. Not a single lockout, suspension, or forced deletion of my posts. I’m done with Twitter. Guest • Aug 2018 • 17 agrees and 4 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • It is a free-speech alt to Twitter. However, do NOT join if you are offended easily. Many trolls (as it is a free speech platform). Other than that, much more flexible than Twitter. Guest • Jun 2018 • 12 agrees and 2 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Gab has a strong commitment to ensuring freedom of expression for it's users. It is continually improving the it's usability and has a growing userbase of individuals. Unlike Twitter you get 300 characters, the ability to downvote posts and no ads. It's like Twitter before Jack become CEO again and started shadowbanning, deverifying and banning certain users for their politics. Guest • Sep 2018 • 2 agrees and 1 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • The experience is entirely up to the user. If one does not want to see certain content, hear from certain people, or avoid topics, it is all up to them to mold that experience, not some nebulous group of people. Guest • Mar 2017 • 20 agrees and 8 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Have a different feature set: a voting on links system similar to Reddit. ccesarDec 2018 • 2 agrees and 2 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Gab is free of ads. Gives people chance to earn money by offering premium content. Does not track your every move in app. Does not censor you unnecessarily. Gives you option to mute user who try to troll you. Gab offers pro subscription which self-sustains the platform without any need of advertisers dictating the direction of development of site. Guest • Sep 2018 • 1 agrees and 1 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • The vast majority of the Gabbers are the adults in the room with a vocabulary that is bigger than most of the trolls on the World Wide Web. Free to discussing topics openly and the ability to block users that are abusive at you own will and accord. Gab is the future NOW! Guest • Sep 2018 • 1 agrees and 2 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Trusted platform that does not ban people for offensive speech... speak freely is their motto. No Ads, and you can freely speak your mind without fear of being suspended, and without bias developers controlling statistics. As long as you follow the few simple guidelines that prevent bots, parody sites, and fake account abuse, you can speak freely without retribution. trobergeApr 2017 • 15 agrees and 9 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Gab is the rightwing extremist publishing platform. It is in no way comparable to Twitter, except perhaps on a technical level. Guest • Feb 2018 • 24 agrees and 47 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Freemium Open Source Web Android Self-Hosted

    Gab icon
  • Mastodon

    Mastodon is a decentralized microblogging engine. FEATURES - Free and open-source. - Decentralized, no worries about a single company controlling your communications. - Supports the standardized ActivityPub protocol - Fully interoperable with https://alternativeto .

    • Mastodon takes the good stuff of Twitter, adds in good moderation, and is decentralized and hate-free. If you just want to share your life or thoughts, this is the place. The 500 character limit is also very helpful, as well as instances for certain communities and common interests. Guest • Feb 2018 • 11 agrees and 2 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Mastodon is similar in a lot of ways, but different in a very important one: people or small groups of people can have their own server. These server then connect to each other in much the same way that email does. Everyone can talk, but you really own your own data. amenthesAug 2019 • 1 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Decentralized social media app that doesn't collect private data, has no advertisements and uses free and open source software. Censorship free due to ability to host your own instances. No recommendation algorithms that contribute to online radicalization. Optimizable and extendable for individual needs due to being open source. Guest • May 2019 • 2 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Decentralized, so server owners have absolute control on how their community should operate. Anyone is free to create their own safe space for their community where they can speak freely without being harrassed. Guest • Jun 2019 • 3 agrees and 2 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Federated, privacy friendly, free software and without inconsistent community rules like twitter. altenativetoJul 2019 • 1 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • It is very close to the Twitter feature set while also adding a numver of extra features on top. I consider it the best alternative because it's free and open source, decentralized, can be self-hosted, and has robust moderation features to get away from the Nazis and other scary folks on Twitter. skylingMay 2019 • 2 agrees and 2 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Friendly and decentralized network. You can join an instance you like and moderation is possible thanks to the possibilities to block whole servers if only spammers are there, e.g. 08f20518May 2019 • 1 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Uses the W3C standard ActivityPub protocol... that's the future. Don't bother with any social media service that doesn't support that. It's like real e-mail vs. the misguided walled-gardens of AOLs past. Mastodon and the open ActivityPub vs. closed-off/controlled Twitter. Guest • Feb 2018 • 6 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Open source, secure, customisable, and managed by people who care about the quality of it's users Guest • Sep 2019 Disagree   Agree
    • friendly community, good moderation, decentralization mlcastleMay 2019 • 2 agrees and 3 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Very similar UI/UX to Twitter and many different instances which makes it easy to find one which fits your personal preferences. Guest • Feb 2019 • 1 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • It's free, opensource, can filter what you want to see better. Federated. idanooJan 2019 • 1 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • It's very much like Twitter with a character limit of 500, except there's not *one* website you have to trust, but you can choose the mastodon server ("instance") that you trust and they are linked, so you can follow people from other instances. The instances all have their own rules, so you can pick a place with as few or many rules as you are comfortable with. mrmblMay 2017 • 17 agrees and 5 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Much warmer community than Twitter. Even without followers, people can see your stuff and interact with you. Takes a bit of getting used to as it is a bit different from Twitter, but stick with it and you'll come to love it. Guest • Jun 2018 • 4 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Decentralized and free with many interconnection possibilities on fediverse via activitypub Guest • Aug 2018 • 3 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • It's like twitter, but minus the stuff you don't like, and made better. It introduces instances, which are connected but are their own separate site with their own rules and moderation, It has a 500 character limit for every "toot", and most of the instances have an amazing community from what I can tell. It honestly is the best alternative to Twitter. VeencorrMar 2018 • 5 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • It is free and open source especially if you want the full control over the moderation arndtadlerMay 2018 • 4 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Decentralized, mostly nice community, friendlier user interface than other FOSS micro-blogging platforms. Perfect for me. Guest • Apr 2018 • 4 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Mastodon feels like really like Twitter, minus the bad moderation. velnemedOct 2017 • 8 agrees and 4 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Very much like twitter, but decentralized and ad-free with a couple of extra features. Plus its actually open-source dataculiMay 2018 • 2 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • So far it is the most 'twitter' like from the others mentioned while also having a nice sleek UI. However it has a lot of strict rules about what i okay to post and what's not. Other than that it seems decent godisinthewindApr 2017 • 7 agrees and 4 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • It's open-source, distributed, fun. raffitzApr 2017 • 1 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source Web Self-Hosted

    Mastodon icon
  • Diaspora

    Diaspora is a federated social networking service, designed to be a more privacy-aware alternative to Facebook . Share what you want, with whom you want. Diaspora lets you sort your connections into groups called aspects. Unique to Diaspora, aspects ensure that your photos, stories and jokes are shared only with the people you intend. Diaspora makes sharing clean and easy – and this goes for privacy too.

    • Diaspora is a Facebook alternative, it's not Twitter-like velnemedOct 2017 • 19 agrees and 2 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Diaspora is a network, not a single service. You can run your own service ("pod"), and still follow users from other pods in the network, and like and comment on their posts. clacke_May 2019 • 3 agrees and 1 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Diaspora makes great use of hashtags, and has a large user base with many established instances. It also allows a person to have an account there but connect across other platforms like GNUSocial, Friendica and Hubzilla Guest • Apr 2017 • 3 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • because you can type what you want and they won't ban you for it! Guest • Sep 2017 • 1 agrees and 3 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source Linux Web BSD Self-Hosted Ruby

    Diaspora icon
  • GNU social

    GNU social is a continuation of the StatusNet project. It is social communication software for both public and private communications. It is widely supported and has a large userbase. It is already used by the Free Software Foundation, and Richard Stallman himself. The history of GNU social GNU social was started in 2010 as a spin-off from the GNU FM project that was created to power music communities such as Libre.fm.

    • It is very similar to twitter, but it is decentralized. In many instances the character count is higher which is nice. godisinthewindApr 2017 • 6 agrees and 2 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source Self-Hosted

    GNU social icon
  • Friendica

    Friendica is a distributed social network application. Which allow users to connect with others via their own Friendica server, but may also fully integrate contacts from other platforms including Twitter, diaspora*, Pump.io and StatusNet into their 'newsfeed'. In addition to these two way connections, users can also use Friendica as a publishing platform to post content to Google+, Google Buzz, WordPress, Tumblr, GNU-social, and Libertree. The list of supported networks is growing.

    • Friendica is part of the OStatus fediverse, the ActivityPub fediverse and the Diaspora Federation. Your service is only one out of many, and you can interact with users running Diaspora, SocialHome, Mastodon, Pleroma, PixelFed, PeerTube and other services, and like and comment on their content. If you don't like how your service is run, you can run your own and still be part of the same networks. clacke_May 2019 • 1 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Designed after the Facebook-style model, not microblogging skylingMay 2019 • 1 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source Linux BSD Self-Hosted PHP

    Friendica icon
  • Pleroma

    Pleroma is a free, federated social networking server built on open protocols. It is compatible with GNU Social, Mastodon, and many other ActivityPub and OStatus implementations. The project consists of several components: Pleroma is the server implementation, and comes bundled with PleromaFE, the default frontend. Other useful utilities are also provided, such as an ActivityPub relay. For a friendly introduction to Pleroma and the Fediverse, read What is Pleroma?

    • Pleroma is part of the OStatus fediverse and the ActivityPub fediverse. Your service is only one out of many, and you can interact with users running SocialHome, Mastodon, Pleroma, PixelFed, PeerTube and other services, and like and comment on their content. If you don't like how your service is run, you can run your own and still be part of the same networks. clacke_May 2019 • 0 agrees and 1 disagrees Disagree   Agree
    • Interface similar to Twitter, interacts with the Fediverse, better moderation tools than Mastodon. ccesarDec 2018 • 0 agrees and 1 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source Web Self-Hosted

    Pleroma icon
  • Known

    Known is a simple platform for publishing words, pictures, podcasts and more to a site that you control. Choose to share it on social networks like Twitter and Facebook, or extend it to integrate with the software you already use. Self-hosted software is free and opensource, hosting service is paid.

    Freemium Web Self-Hosted

    Known icon
  • Libertree

    Libertree is free, libre, open-source software which is intended to provide a way for people to create their own social network. Libertree social networks can be free from commercial influence and manifestation, such as behaviour tracking, user profiling, advertising, data mining and analysis, and covert information filtering.

    Free Open Source Self-Hosted

    Libertree icon
  • pump.io

    Post something and your followers see it. You can post almost anything that can be represented with activity streams -- short or long text, bookmarks, images, video, audio, events, geo checkins. You can follow friends, create lists of people, and so on. There's an API defined in the API.md file. It uses activitystrea.ms JSON as the main data and command format.

    Free Open Source Self-Hosted Node.JS

  • Misskey

    Misskey is a decentralized microblogging platform born on Earth. Since it exists within the Fediverse (a universe where various social media platforms are organized), it is mutually linked with other social media platforms such as Mastodon and Pleroma.

    • Misskey is part of the ActivityPub fediverse. Your service is only one out of many, and you can interact with users running SocialHome, Mastodon, Pleroma, PixelFed, PeerTube and other services, and like and comment on their content. If you don't like how your service is run, you can run your own and still be part of the same networks. clacke_May 2019 • 0 agrees and 1 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source Mac Windows Linux Web Android ... Self-Hosted

    Misskey icon
  • Screech

    A recreation of Twitter from 2007. Initially an online service, the code was released as open source and is now freely available for self hosting.

    • I don't get banned for no f'ing reason krankoDec 2018 • 2 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source Self-Hosted

    Screech icon
  • Tokumei

    What you have to say is more important than who you are — let your voice be heard.

    Free Open Source Web Self-Hosted

    No features added Add a feature

    Tokumei icon
  • SocialPage

    SocialPage, INC was made by a middle school kid who thought that people should know each other better. He came up with this idea because he was bullied at school a lot, where it came to the point that kids started thinking that he was not alive anymore.

    Free Mac Windows Linux Web Android ... iPhone HP webOS Chrome OS Windows Phone iPad Self-Hosted

    SocialPage icon
  • Finspi

    Welcome to Finspi a new generation social media. World's most interactive platform where you can find new friends that share the same passion or interest. Finspi.com is the most interactive social media platform with content that you'll love. We’re hopping that you’ll enjoy it and in time it will become one of your favourite places to visit on the Internet.

    Free Mac Windows Linux Web Android ... Android Tablet Self-Hosted

    No features added Add a feature

    Finspi icon
  • Social Home

    Socialhome is best described as a federated personal profile with social networking functionality. Users can create rich content using Markdown and even HTML/JS/CSS (if set as trusted user). All content can be pinned to the user profile and all content will federate to contacts in the federated social web. Currently federation happens using the Diaspora protocol with ActivityPub support work in progress.

    Free Open Source Web Self-Hosted

    Social Home icon
  • Mirror Island

    Mirror Island is a fast way to send and share messages and files in groups, in private, and publicly. Its aim are speed, usability, backwards compatibily with email, and eventually, Web 3.0 (the semantic web) where data you want to have shared can be easily found by others.

    Free Open Source Web Self-Hosted

    Mirror Island icon
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