What is nginx?
nginx [engine x] is a HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as a mail proxy server written by Igor Sysoev. It has been running for more than five years on many heavily loaded Russian sites including Rambler (RamblerMedia.com).
Basic HTTP server features
Serving static and index files, autoindexing; open file descriptor cache; Accelerated reverse proxying with caching; simple load balancing and fault tolerance; Accelerated support with caching of FastCGI, uwsgi, SCGI, and memcached servers; simple load balancing and fault tolerance; Modular architecture. Filters include gzipping, byte ranges, chunked responses, XSLT, SSI, and image transformation filter. Multiple SSI inclusions within a single page can be processed in parallel if they are handled by proxied or FastCGI/uwsgi/SCGI servers; SSL and TLS SNI support.
Comments and Reviews
Said about nginx as an alternative
Nginx as highly configurable as Apache, but Nginx consumes less resources.