Docker Alternatives and Similar Software

Docker makes deploying your entire development environment easier and portable than many other container software. Many developers swear by Docker's ease of use when compared to other container software. Docker is capable of virtualization, as are many of its alternatives.

Docker is available for all major operating systems, though there are alternatives to Docker with self-hosting options, as well as on systems running FreeBSD.

The list of alternatives was last updated: 3/20/2019 11:59:00 AM

Alternatives to Docker for all platforms with any license

  • Nanobox

    Nanobox is the ideal platform for developers. Taking on the role of DevOps, so you don't have to, Nanobox does all your infrastructure creation, configuration, and management, so you're able to focus on code, not config. Create consistent, isolated, development environments that are easily shareable with anyone, and can be deployed to any host (AWS, Digital Ocean, Azure, Google, etc.). Easily manage production applications with the Nanobox dashboard.

    Commercial Open Source Mac Windows Linux Web

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  • rkt

    rkt is the next-generation container manager for Linux clusters. Designed for security, simplicity, and composability within modern cluster architectures, rkt discovers, verifies, fetches, and executes application containers with pluggable isolation. rkt can run the same container with varying degrees of protection, from lightweight, OS-level namespace and capabilities isolation to heavier, VM-level hardware virtualization.

    Free Open Source Linux

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  • Singularity Container

    Singularity creates a virtual environment for applications without the performance penalties associated with virtual machines. Best of both worlds: it simplifies the deployment of applications across different clusters and supercomputers by avoiding the laborious process of rehosting those applications for each distinct environment, without requiring a virtualized hardware layer..

    • Lightweight, very easy to setup. Moving containers between servers is as easy as copying a file. lgibelliApr 2018 Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source Mac Windows Linux

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  • OpenVZ

    OpenVZ is container-based virtualization for Linux. OpenVZ creates multiple secure, isolated Linux containers (otherwise known as VEs or VPSs) on a single physical server enabling better server utilization and ensuring that applications do not conflict. Each container performs and executes exactly like a stand-alone server; a container can be rebooted independently and have root access, users, IP addresses, memory, processes, files, applications, system libraries and configuration files.

    Free Open Source Linux

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  • FreeBSD Jails

    The FreeBSD jail mechanism is an implementation of operating system-level virtualization that allows system administrators to partition a FreeBSD-based computer system into several independent mini-systems called jails.

    • Great tools and documentation, they have been around for much longer than docker and are a more mature solution. Guest • May 2017 • 2 agrees and 0 disagrees Disagree   Agree

    Free Open Source BSD FreeBSD DragonFly BSD

  • Podman

    podman is a daemonless container runtime for managing containers, pods, and container images. It is intended as a counterpart to CRI-O, to provide low-level debugging not available through the CRI interface used by Kubernetes. It can also act as a container runtime independent of CRI-O, creating and managing its own set of containers.

    Free Open Source Linux

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  • Spoonium

    Spoonium allows you to package applications and their dependencies into a lightweight, isolated virtual environment called a "container." Containerized ("Spooned") applications can then be run on any Windows machine that has Spoonium installed, no matter the underlying infrastructure. This eliminates installs, conflicts, breaks, and missing dependencies. Spoonium is 100% free for public projects.

    Free Windows

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  • LXC Linux Containers

    LXC, acronym for Linux Containers, is a lightweight Linux kernel based virtualization solution, which practically runs on top of the Operating System, allowing you to run multiple isolated distributions the same time. The difference between LXC and KVM virtualization is that LXC doesn’t emulates hardware, but shares the same kernel namespace, similar to chroot applications.

    Free Open Source Linux

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  • Stakkr

    A recompose tool that uses docker compose to easily create / maintain a stack of services, for example for web development. Via a configuration file you can setup the required services and let stakkr link and start everything for you. A good and simple alternative to Vagrant !

    Free Open Source Windows Linux

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  • Arkose

    Desktop application containers made user friendly. Arkose is currently made of: - arkose: Command line utility with C helper - arkose-gui: GUI for integration in the gnome desktop (Similar to the Run dialog) - arkose-nautilus: Nautilus integration - arkose-wrapper: Wrapper for regular apps to have them start in a container It basically lets you start any installed binary in a configurable container.

    Free Open Source Linux

  • Chaperone Process Manager

    Chaperone is a lean init-style startup manager for Docker-like containers. It runs as a single lightweight full-featured process which runs at the root of a docker container tree and provides all of the following functionality, plus much more: Monitoring for all processes in the container, automatically shutting down the container when the last process exits.

    Free Open Source Linux Self-Hosted Python

  • plash

    Runs anywhere Plash's only requirements are python3, a linux kernel (>= 3.18) and a rudimentary mount binary in $PATH. It does not need an extra daemon and can be easily run in infrastructure not meant to support containers like virtually any ci environment, embedded systems or even docker containers. Security Plash can be used completely unprivileged (with unionfs-fuse and newuidmap as dependencies) Its just processes Plash containers are processes exactly like you know them.

    Free Open Source Linux

  • WinDocks

    Develop and run .NET and SQL Server applications on Windows Server 2012 using Docker commands and Web UI. WinDocks includes support for .NET, all editions of SQL Server 2008, 2012, and 2014, and 2016. Running SQL Server in containers opens up new support for agile and DevOps processes, with the ability to provision a complex containerized application in seconds, and support a dev or test team with separate containers on a shared VM. New in Windocks 2.

    Commercial Windows

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  • CRI-O

    CRI-O is an implementation of the Kubernetes CRI (Container Runtime Interface) to enable using OCI (Open Container Initiative) compatible runtimes. It is a lightweight alternative to using Docker as the runtime for kubernetes. It allows Kubernetes to use any OCI-compliant runtime as the container runtime for running pods. Today it supports runc and Clear Containers as the container runtimes but any OCI-conformant runtime can be plugged in principle.

    Free Open Source Linux

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