Google has announced that it is implementing the first wave of websites in its search engine reindexing project. This project is designed to reflect the exponentially shifting global Internet userbase as its majority transitions to browsing primarily using mobile devices. This move will enable mobile users to more easily identify the content that they use Google Search to find.
According to Google's Webmaster Central Blog post announcing this roll out, this will not impact search result rankings. Mobile-first indexed content will have no ranking advantage over desktop computer indexed content. In addition, Google will still adhere to only having one single index for distributing search results.
Here are the main bullet points that Google shared at the bottom of this announcement: