ArcGIS is not available for Linux but there are plenty of alternatives that runs on Linux with similar functionality. The best Linux alternative is QGIS, which is both free and Open Source. If that doesn't suit you, our users have ranked more than 25 alternatives to ArcGIS and 13 are available for Linux so hopefully you can find a suitable replacement. Other interesting Linux alternatives to ArcGIS are R (programming language) (Free, Open Source), GRASS GIS (Free, Open Source), PostGIS (Free, Open Source) and Mapserver (Free, Open Source).
Vector Based Spatial Analysis Graphically create and edit geometric data, as with a CAD program Import Shapefiles and OpenStreetMap data Use raster images as background and a CAD drawing as an overlay Transform coordinates based on the Proj4 library.