WHAT is Debian?
The Debian Project is an association of individuals who have made common cause to create a free operating system. This operating system that we have created is called Debian.
An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. At the core of an operating system is the kernel. The kernel is the most fundamental program on the computer and does all the basic housekeeping and lets you start other programs.
Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software.
However, work is in progress to provide Debian for other kernels, primarily for the Hurd. The Hurd is a collection of servers that run on top of a microkernel (such as Mach) to implement different features. The Hurd is free software produced by the GNU project.
A large part of the basic tools that fill out the operating system come from the GNU project; hence the names: GNU/Linux, GNU/kFreeBSD, and GNU/Hurd. These tools are also free.
Of course, the thing that people want is application software: programs to help them get what they want to do done, from editing documents to running a business to playing games to writing more software. Debian comes with over 51000 packages (precompiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine), a package manager (APT), and other utilities that make it possible to manage thousands of packages on thousands of computers as easily as installing a single application. All of it free.
It's a bit like a tower. At the base is the kernel. On top of that are all the basic tools. Next is all the software that you run on the computer. At the top of the tower is Debian — carefully organizing and fitting everything so it all works together.
Xfce (pronounced as four individual letters) is a free software desktop environment for Unix and other Unix-like platforms, such as Linux, Solaris and BSD. It aims to be fast and lightweight, while still being visually appealing and easy to use. Among its main features are its customizable panels on which users can place various launchers or panel plugins. Xfce is also accompanied by a large collection of goodies, which consist of various applications and panel plugins designed mainly for Xfce.
Plank is meant to be the simplest dock on the planet. The goal is to provide just what a dock needs and absolutely nothing more. It is, however, a library which can be extended to create other dock programs with more advanced features. Thus, Plank is the underlying technology for Docky (starting in version 3.0.0) and aims to provide all the core features while Docky extends it to add fancier things like Docklets, painters, settings dialogs, etc.
COMPTON is a compositor for X, and a fork of XCOMPMGR-DANA.
I was frustrated by the low amount of standalone lightweight compositors. Compton was forked from Dana Jansens' fork of xcompmgr and refactored. I fixed whatever bug I found, and added features I wanted. Things seem stable, but don't quote me on it. I will most likely be actively working on this until I get the features I want. This is also a learning experience for me. That is, I'm partially doing this out of a desire to learn Xlib.
Changes from xcompmgr:
• OpenGL backend (--backend glx), in addition to the old X Render backend.
• Inactive window transparency (-i) / dimming (--inactive-dim).
• Titlebar/frame transparency (-e).
• Menu transparency (-m, thanks to Dana).
• shadows are now enabled for argb windows, e.g. terminals with transparency
• removed serverside shadows (and simple compositing) to clean the code, the only option that remains is clientside shadows
• configuration files (see the man page for more details)
• colored shadows (--shadow-[red/green/blue])
• a new fade system
• VSync support (not always working)
• Blur of background of transparent windows, window color inversion (bad in performance)
• Some more options...
Fixes from the original xcompmgr:
• fixed a segfault when opening certain window types
• fixed a memory leak caused by not freeing up shadows (from the freedesktop repo)
• fixed the conflict with chromium and similar windows
• many more
LightDM is a cross-desktop display manager. A display manager is a daemon that:
Runs display servers (e.g. X) where necessary.
Runs greeters to allow users to pick which user account and session type to use.
Allows greeters to perform authentication using PAM.
Runs session processes once authentication is complete.
Provides remote graphical login options.
Key features of LightDM are:
Cross-desktop - supports different desktop technologies.
Supports different display technologies (X, Mir, Wayland ...).
Lightweight - low memory usage and fast performance.
Supports remote login (incoming - XDMCP, VNC, outgoing - XDMCP, pluggable).
Comprehensive test suite.
The package name is generally "lightdm".
Thunar is a new modern file manager for the Xfce Desktop Environment. Thunar has been designed from the ground up to be fast and easy-to-use. Its user interface is clean and intuitive, and does not include any confusing or useless options. Thunar is fast and responsive with a good start up time and directory load time. Thunar is accessible using Assistive Technologies and is fully standards compliant.
Terminal is a modern terminal emulator for the Unix/Linux desktop - primarily for the Xfce desktop environment. We developed it because we saw the need for a lightweight and easy to use terminal emulator in the Xfce desktop environment, that doesn’t require the user to install the GNOME platform, but still provides a worthy alternative to the GNOME terminal emulator.
A simple text editor for the Xfce desktop environment. Mousepad aims to be an easy-to-use and fast editor for quickly editing text files, not a development environment or an editor with a huge bunch of plugins.
Mozilla Firefox Extended Support Release is a community-led project that allows organizations to benefit from the speed, flexibility and security of Firefox while getting the support they need.
Firefox ESR is intended for groups who deploy and maintain the desktop environment in large organizations such as universities and other schools, county or city governments and businesses.
The Ristretto Image Viewer is an application that can be used to view, and scroll through images.
A file archiver for MATE, based on File Roller from GNOME 2
Evince is a document viewer for multiple document formats: PDF, Postscript, djvu, tiff, dvi, XPS, SyncTex support with gedit, comics books (cbr,cbz,cb7 and cbt). For a comprehensive list of formats supported, see Supported Document Formats. .
Parole is a media player for the Xfce desktop environment, written using the GStreamer framework.
Parole features playback of local media files, including video with subtitles support, DVD/CD and live streams; it is also extensible via plugins.
Download tar.bz2 — http://archive.xfce.org/src/apps/parole/
Audacious is an advanced audio player. It is free, lightweight, based on GTK+, runs on Linux and many other *nix platforms and is focused on audio quality and supporting a wide range of audio codecs. There is also support for several visual styles from Winamp. Its advanced audio playback engine is considerably more powerful than GStreamer. Audacious is a fork of Beep Media Player (BMP), which itself forked from XMMS.
galculator is a GTK 2 / GTK 3 based calculator with ordinary notation/reverse Polish notation (RPN), a formula entry mode, different number bases (DEC, HEX, OCT, BIN) and different units of angular measure (DEG, RAD, GRAD). It supports quad-precision floating point and 112-bit binary arithmetic.
[features] galculator's main features include
Algebraic mode, RPN (Reverse Polish Notation), Formula Entry and Paper mode
Decimal, hexadecimal, octal and binary number base
Radiant, degree and grad support
Basic and Scientific Mode
User defined constants and functions
Trigonometric functions, power, square root, natural and common logarithm, inverse and hyperbolic functions
Binary arithmetic of configurable bit length and signedness
Quad-precision floating point arithmetic
112-bit binary arithmetic
Copy and paste
Available in more than 20 translations.
Transmission has the features you expect in a BitTorrent client: encryption, a web-based interface, peer exchange, UPnP and NAT-PMP port forwarding, web seed support, watch directories, tracker editing, global and per-torrent speed limits, and more.
Catfish is a versatile file searching tool.
Catfish is a search GUI powered by locate and find behind the scenes, with autocompletion from Zeitgeist and locate. The advanced options allow filtering by date and file type. The interface is intentionally lightweight and simple, using only GTK+.
Requirements: PyGtk, GTK+3, python-xdg, dbus
Geary is an email application built for GNOME 3. It allows you to read and send email with a simple, modern interface.
AbiWord is a free software word processor. The name "AbiWord" (pronounced "Abby Word") is derived from the root of the Spanish word "abierto", meaning "open". It runs on Linux, Mac OS X (PowerPC), ReactOS, BeOS (unsupported), AmigaOS 4.0 (through its Cygnix X11 engine), and other operating systems. Multilingual Portable version (15MB installed) from http://portableapps.com/apps/office/abiword_portable .
The Gnumeric spreadsheet is part of the GNOME desktop environment: a project to create a free, user friendly desktop environment.
The goal of Gnumeric is to be the best possible spreadsheet. We are not attempting to clone existing applications. However, Gnumeric can read files saved with other spreadsheets and we offer a customizable feel that attempts to minimize the costs of transition.
GNOME Calendar is a simple and beautiful calendar application designed to perfectly fit the GNOME desktop. By reusing the components which the GNOME desktop is build on, Calendar nicely integrates with the GNOME ecosystem.
Cheese uses your webcam to take photos and videos, applies fancy special effects and lets you share the fun with others. It was written as part of Googles 2007 Summer of Code lead by Daniel G. Siegel and mentored by Raphaël Slinckx. Under the hood, Cheese uses GStreamer to apply fancy effects to photos and videos. With Cheese it is easy to take photos of you, your friends, pets or whatever you want and share them with others. After a success of the Summer of Code, the development continued and we still are looking for people with nice ideas and patches ;)
ghostwriter is a Windows and Linux text editor for Markdown, which is a plain text markup format created by John Gruber. For more information about Markdown, please visit John Gruber’s website at https://daringfireball.net/ .
Shotwell is an open source photo organizer designed for the GNOME desktop environment.
Import photos from folders or from any digital camera supported by gPhoto.
Shotwell automatically groups photos taken at the same time. You can also use tags and ratings to organize your photo collection.
You can rotate, crop, reduce red-eye, and adjust the exposure, saturation, tint, and temperature of each photo.
Publish photos and videos to Facebook, Flickr, Picasa Web Albums, and YouTube.
KeePass Cross-Platform Community Edition - A community maintained fork of the popular KeePassX application with more features and frequent updates.
TimeShift for Linux is an application that provides functionality similar to the System Restore feature in Windows and Time Machine tool in Mac OS. TimeShift protects your system by taking incremental snapshots of file system at regular intervals.
This program allows you to search different kinds of dictionary services for words or phrases and shows you the result. Currently you can query a Dict server(RFC 2229), any online dictionary service by opening a web browser or search for words using the aspell/ispell program.
xfce4-dict contains a stand-alone application called “xfce4-dict” and a panel plugin for the Xfce panel.
Meld is a visual diff and merge tool. You can compare two or three files and edit them in place (diffs update dynamically). You can compare two or three folders and launch file comparisons. You can browse and view a working copy from popular version control systems such such as CVS, Subversion, Bazaar-ng and Mercurial. Written with Python and GTK.
GtkSourceView/pygtksourceview 2.10 (optional)
Note: There are ports to Mac but the app doesn't "officially" run on Mac.
This application allows you to capture the entire screen, the active window or a selected region. You can set the delay that elapses before the screenshot is taken and the action that will be done with the screenshot: save it to a PNG file, copy it to the clipboard, open it using another application, or host it on ZimageZ, a free online image hosting service.
Easy to use application for monitoring and controlling running processes.
An advanced menu editor that provides modern features in a clean, easy-to-use interface. All without GNOME dependencies, so even lightweight systems can benefit from the sanity that MenuLibre offers. MenuLibre is your one-stop shop for menus in Linux, whether you use Gnome, LXDE, XFCE, or Unity.
A beautiful interface powered by the latest version of GTK+
Create new launchers, or modify existing ones with complete control over common settings and access to advanced settings
Add, remove, and adjust quicklists: powerful shortcuts available to Unity and other desktop environments.
Edit user menus or administer system menus that are accessible to all users
Seahorse is a front end for GnuPG, that integrates to the GNOME desktop. It is a tool for secure communications and data storage. Data encryption and digital signature creation can easily be performed through a GUI and Key Management operations can easily be carried out through an intuitive interface.
It also provides a secure facility for storing passwords in an encrypted file (which can be automatically decrypted when you log in).
Synaptic is a graphical package management program for apt. It provides the same features as the apt-get command line utility with a GUI front-end based on Gtk+.
* Install, remove, upgrade and downgrade single and multiple packages.
* Upgrade your whole system.
* Manage package repositories (sources.list).
* Find packages by name, description and several other attributes.
* Select packages by status, section, name or a custom filter.
* Sort packages by name, status, size or version.
* Browse all available online documentation related to a package.
Baobab Disk Usage Analyzer is a graphical, menu-driven application to analyse disk usage on Linux. Disk Usage Analyzer can easily scan either the whole filesystem tree, or a specific user-requested directory branch (local or remote).
It also auto-detects in real-time any changes made to your home directory as far as any mounted/unmounted device. Disk Usage Analyzer also provides a full graphical treemap window for each selected folder.
Disks is a udisks graphical front-end included in the gnome-disk-utility package. Disks can be used for partition management, S.M.A.R.T. monitoring, benchmarking, and software RAID.
BleachBit deletes unnecessary files to free valuable disk space, maintain privacy, and remove junk.
Rid your system of old clutter including cache, cookies, Internet history, localizations, logs, temporary files, and broken shortcuts.
Designed for Linux and Windows systems, it wipes clean Adobe Acrobat Reader DC , APT, Bash, Beagle, Chromium, Epiphany, Mozilla Firefox, Flash, GIMP, Google Chrome, Google Earth, Internet Explorer, Java, KDE, OpenOffice.org, Opera, RealPlayer, Safari, Second Life viewer, Skype, VIM, XChat, Yum, and more.
BleachBit has never bundled any junk like browser toolbars.
Blueman - Full featured GTK Bluetooth Manager For GNOME
Blueman is designed to be simple and intuitive for everyday bluetooth tasks such as:
-Connecting to 3G/EDGE/GPRS via DUN profile.
-Connecting to/Creating bluetooth networks
-Connecting to input devices
-Connecting to audio devices
-Sending/Receiving/Browsing files via OBEX
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